Last month, first-time homebuyers’ share of the housing market fell lower than it has been since 2008 when the first-time version of the homebuyer tax credit took effect.
First-time homebuyers accounted for only 39.1 percent of the home purchase market last month, down from a peak of 48.2 percent as recently as March, according to the Campbell/Inside Mortgage Finance Monthly Survey of Real Estate Market Conditions.
In 2009, first-time buyers comprised an unprecedented 47 percent of the market, most likely due to the federal tax credit and historic affordability, according to the National Association of Realtors®’ 2009 Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers. In 2008, first-timers account for 41 percent of transactions. The previous high was 44 percent in 1991.
“The end of the tax credit has clearly had an effect,” stated Thomas Popik, research director for Campbell Surveys. “First-time homebuyer participation is continuing to drop. We expect a further decline in first-time homebuyer activity, perhaps reaching as low as 30-35 percent of the market by the fall months.”
With homeowners continuing to fall behind on their mortgages, and more distressed properties coming on the market, first-time homebuyers serve the function of soaking up this excess inventory. In contrast, purchases by current homeowners have little positive effect of the housing inventory, because they usually sell a house at the same time they are buying another.
Fewer first-time homebuyers in the housing market will likely put downward pressure on home prices in the late summer and fall. However, in the near-term, real estate agents reported stable prices overall for the month of July and rising prices for non-distressed properties.
“Once the ‘free’ money (from the federal tax credit) was over, the market began to die. The sales that would have normally taken place over the summer took place in March and April to get the money. The residential market is dying-prices are gradually falling,” reported a real estate agent in Iowa.
“Non-distressed property pricing is rising too quickly. Anticipated REOs (foreclosed properties) coming on the market will impact this pricing by the end of September,” predicted another agent in Florida.
Short sales remain one of the few bright spots in the residential housing market. Time on market for short sales continued to decline, from an average of 20.5 weeks in February to 15.8 weeks in July. Significantly, first-time homebuyers made up a healthy 46.4 percentof short sale purchasers last month.
The Campbell/Inside Mortgage Finance Monthly Survey of Real Estate Market Conditions surveys more than 3,000 real estate agents nationwide each month and provides up-to-date intelligence on home sales and mortgage usage patterns.